Ethnology is a strong area of cultural research. The main object for the discipline is the cultural expression of groups and societies – often mentioned in terms of everyday life studies. It is leading towards an understanding of new ethnicities, modes of urbanism and multiculturalism. Other fields are children, youth and women, where ethnologists have established several networks and research projects. Etnological gender studies and studies of late modern urban societies have a strong impact on the discipline. A theoretical foundation also leads to new insights concerning marginality and areas of conﬂicting traditions and senses of history. With the ethnological research stemming from an interest in the indigenous Swedish culture, the historical point of view is not missing; rather, the problematization of concepts such as cultural heritage and otherness furthers ones understanding of the Swedish experience.